Monday of Week V of Lent
As one of the first 25 parishes of Rome, the Basilica of St. Chrysogonus was built in the 4th century over the house of Crisogonus, later dedicated to a different Crisognous who was a martyr in Aquileia, a saint venerated also in the Orthodox Church.
The Tawianese Cardinal Paul Shan, bishop emeritus of Kaohsiung, is the cardinal priest of this titular church in the region of Trastevere. He has developed cancer, and in his age of 88, he still travels around the world to give witness to Christ. Although Kaohsiung is neither the capital nor metropolitan see of Taiwan, it holds de facto the primary importance due to its history and pastoral activities. The present bishop of Kaohsiung was given the personal title of archbishop to recognize the importance of the office.
The basilica was rebuilt in the 12th century and again in the 17th century. Remains of the first church were recovered in the early 20th century. Several well preserved sarcophagi can be found in this graceful basilica.